Castelul Sturdza de la Miclauseni ~ Sturdza Castle from Miclauseni


Castelul Sturdza de la Miclauseni, cunoscut si sub denumirea de Palatul Sturdza, este un castel in stil neogotic construit intre anii 1880-1904 de catre Gheorghe Sturza si sotia sa Maria, in satul Miclauseni, la o distanta de 20 km de Roman si 65 km de municipiul Iasi. In prezent, se afla in proprietatea Mitropoliei Moldovei si Bucovinei.

Intre anii 1880 si 1904, George Sturdza a construit pe amplasamentul vechiului conac un frumos palat in stil neogotic tarziu, fiind o copie a castelelor feudale apusene si amintind de Palatul Culturii din Iasi, dar si de Palatul Domnesc din Ruginoasa. Planurile constructiei au fost realizate de arhitectii Iulius Reinecke si I. Grigsberg.

Influentele neogotice se regasesc in decoratiuni cum ar fi: turnulete gotice, armuri medievale, sala de manej, dictoane latinesti inscrise pe pereti, turn de intrare cu pod peste santul de apa.

In interior, castelul avea scari centrale din marmura de Dalmatia, mobilier din lemn de trandafir, minutios sculptat, sobe din teracota, portelan sau faianta, aduse de peste hotare, parchet cu intarsii din esente de paltin, mahon, stejar si abanos, confectionat de mesteri austrieci, iar plafoanele si peretii interiori au fost pictati in ulei.

Castelul adapostea o colectie valoroasa de carti si documente, de costume medievale, de arme, bijuterii, tablouri, busturi din marmura de Cararra, argintarie, dar si piese arheologice, numismatice si epigrafice de mare valoare. Numai colectia de carti numara 60.000 de exemplare, multe din ele fiind editii princeps sau rarisime.
Din pacate, castelul a fost grav afectat de-a lungul timpului, iar o buna parte din colectiile sale au fost furate, pierdute sau distruse.

In 1944, Ecaterina Cantacuzino, fiica lui Gheorghe Sturdza, paraseste acest palat din cauza razboiului. Soldatii rusi care s-au adapostit aici provoca mari distrugeri mobilierului si colectiilor. Dupa 1947, castelul va transformat in depozit militar de explozibil si centru de plasament pentru copii cu handicap psihic sever. Starea de degradare a acestui edificiu inainteaza, totul culminand cu incendiul din 1985, când ajunge aproape o ruina.

Castelul Sturdza de la Miclauseni a intrat in posesia Mitropoliei Moldovei si Bucovinei care reusit sa atraga fonduri importante destinate restaurarii acestui edificiu. Lucrarile de restaurare sunt aproape finalizate, castelul putand fi vizitat.

********

Sturdza Castle dates from around 1752 and is a historical and secular architecture, being a copy of western feudal castles.

During the time of George A. Sturza, the son-in-law of Ion Ghica, brother of the politician D.A. Sturzdza, the mansion extended, having 25 rooms and then, after the D.A. Sturzdza’s fabulous library was constituted (60,000 volumes, including many unique or rare). Also then, the water was introduced through a pipe of 1 km.

Around the mansion was built a large park with lake, an island and a tower, surrounded by a wall. The mansion really turned into a castle between 1880-1904, when was owned by George Sturdza. Although built in the modern era, the building presents elements of Western medieval residences, according to the plans of architects Julius Reinecke and I. Grisberg. The interior impresses through walls and ceilings painted in oil, with geometric and floral motifs, Herald lions and latin dicta. The stairs were made of marble from Dalmatia and the furniture was made of rosewood.

The paintings on terracotta of the stoves are remarkable, kept until this day. During World War One, here was arranged a hospital for wounded, founded by Maria Sturdza and her daughter, heirs of the estate in Miclauseni. The estate will be visited by numerous personalities of Romanian culture, such as: musician George Enescu, who held concerts for the wounded, the historian Nicolae Iorga who studied medieval vestiges of Miclauseni and poet Vasile Alecsandri who has found inspiration in his visits to this area.

Western cultural influences are present in the decorations, such as: Gothic towers, manege halls, medieval armors, latin dicta written on the walls, entrance tower with a bridge over the water ditch. The palace is surrounded by a beautiful bridge. During the communist regime the castle suffered serious damage due to hosting here a clinic for people with mental problems.
Today, the castle and the land are in possession of the Metropolitan of Moldova, here being a monastery.

One comment on “Castelul Sturdza de la Miclauseni ~ Sturdza Castle from Miclauseni

  1. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know so much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you could do with some pics to drive the message home a little bit, but instead of that, this is excellent blog. An excellent read. I will certainly be back.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s